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Manual page for EXPORTS(5)

exports, xtab - directories to export to NFS clients





The /etc/exports file contains entries for directories that can be exported to NFS clients. This file is read automatically by the exportfs.8 command. If you change this file, you must run exportfs.8 for the changes to affect the daemon's operation.

Only when this file is present at boot time does the rc.local script execute exportfs.8 and start the NFS file-system daemon, nfsd.8

The /etc/xtab file contains entries for directories that are currently exported. This file should only be accessed by programs using getexportent() (see exportent.3 Use the -u option of exportfs to remove entries from this file.

An entry for a directory consists of a line of the following form:

directory -option[,option ]...

is the pathname of a directory (or file).
is one of the following:
Export the directory read-only. If not specified, the directory is exported read-write.
Export the directory read-mostly. Read-mostly means read-only to most machines, but read-write to those specified. If not specified, the directory is exported read-write to all.
If a request comes from an unknown user, use uid as the effective user ID. Note: root users (uid 0) are always considered ``unknown'' by the NFS server, unless they are included in the ``root'' option below. The default value for this option is the UID of the user ``nobody''. If the user ``nobody'' does not exist then the value 65534 is used. Setting the value of ``anon'' to 65535 disables anonymous access. Note: by default secure NFS accepts insecure requests as anonymous, and those wishing for extra security can disable this feature by setting ``anon'' to 65534.
Give root access only to the root users from a specified hostname. The default is for no hosts to be granted root access.
Give mount access to each client listed. A client can either be a hostname, or a netgroup (see netgroup.5 Each client in the list is first checked for in the /etc/hosts database, and then the /etc/netgroups database. The default value allows any machine to mount the given directory.
Require clients to use a more secure protocol when accessing the directory.

A `#' (pound-sign) anywhere in the file indicates a comment that extends to the end of the line.


/usr	-access=clients	# export to my clients
/usr/local		# export to the world
/usr2	-access=hermes:zip:tutorial	# export to only these machines
/usr/sun	-root=hermes:zip	# give root access only to these
/usr/new	-anon=0	# give all machines root access
/usr/bin	-ro	# export read-only to everyone
/usr/stuff	-access=zip,anon=-3,ro	# several options on one line




exportent.3 hosts.5 netgroup.5 exportfs.8 nfsd.8


You cannot export either a parent directory or a subdirectory of an exported directory that is within the same filesystem. It would be illegal, for instance, to export both /usr and /usr/local if both directories resided on the same disk partition.

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Created by unroff & hp-tools. © by Hans-Peter Bischof. All Rights Reserved (1997).

Last modified 21/April/97