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Manual page for TIRDWR(4)

tirdwr - Transport Interface read/write interface STREAMS module

CONFIG

pseudo-device tirw64

DESCRIPTION

tirdwr is a STREAMS module that provides an alternate interface to a transport provider which supports the Transport Interface (TI) functions of the Network Services library (see Section 3). This alternate interface allows a user to communicate with the transport protocol provider using the read.2v and write.2v system calls. The putmsg.2 and getmsg.2 system calls may also be used. However, putmsg() and getmsg() can only transfer data messages between user and stream.

The tirdwr module must only be pushed (see I_PUSH in streamio.4 onto a stream terminated by a transport protocol provider which supports the TI. After the tirdwr module has been pushed onto a stream, none of the Transport Interface functions can be used. Subsequent calls to TI functions cause an error on the stream. Once the error is detected, subsequent system calls on the stream return an error with errno set to EPROTO.

The following are the actions taken by the tirdwr module when pushed on the stream, popped (see I_POP in streamio.4 off the stream, or when data passes through it.

push
When the module is pushed onto a stream, it checks any existing data destined for the user to ensure that only regular data messages are present. It ignores any messages on the stream that relate to process management, such as messages that generate signals to the user processes associated with the stream. If any other messages are present, the I_PUSH returns an error with errno set to EPROTO.
write
The module takes the following actions on data that originated from a write() system call:

All messages with the exception of messages that contain control portions (see putmsg.2 and getmsg.2 are transparently passed onto the module's downstream neighbor.

Any zero length data message is freed by the module and is not passed onto the module's downstream neighbor.

Any message with a control portion generates an error, and any further system calls associated with the stream fail with errno set to EPROTO.

read
The module takes the following actions on data that originated from the transport protocol provider:

All messages with the exception of those that contain control portions (see the putmsg and getmsg system calls) are transparently passed onto the module's upstream neighbor.

The action taken on messages with control portions is as follows:

  • Messages that represent expedited data generate an error. All further system calls associated with the stream fail with errno set to EPROTO.
  • Any data messages with control portions have the control portions removed from the message prior to passing the message on to the upstream neighbor.
  • Messages that represent an orderly release indication from the transport provider generate a zero length data message, indicating the end of file, which are sent to the reader of the stream. The orderly release message itself is freed by the module.
  • Messages that represent an abortive disconnect indication from the transport provider cause all further write() and putmsg() calls to fail with errno set to ENXIO. All further read() and getmsg() calls return zero length data (indicating an EOF) once all previous data has been read.
  • With the exception of the above rules, all other messages with control portions generate an error and all further system calls associated with the stream fail with errno set to EPROTO.

Any zero length data messages are freed by the module and they are not passed onto the module's upstream neighbor.

pop
When the module is popped off the stream or the stream is closed, the module takes the following action:

If an orderly release indication has been previously received, then an orderly release request is sent to the remote side of the transport connection.

SEE ALSO

intro.2 getmsg.2 putmsg.2 read.2v write.2v intro.3 streamio.4 timod.4

[a manual with the abbreviation NETP]


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Created by unroff & hp-tools. © by Hans-Peter Bischof. All Rights Reserved (1997).

Last modified 21/April/97