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Manual page for GETHOSTENT(3N)

gethostent, gethostbyaddr, gethostbyname, sethostent, endhostent - get network host entry


#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netdb.h>

struct hostent *gethostent()

struct hostent *gethostbyname(name) char *name;

struct hostent *gethostbyaddr(addr, len, type) char *addr; int len, type;

sethostent(stayopen) int stayopen endhostent()


gethostent, gethostbyname, and gethostbyaddr() each return a pointer to an object with the following structure containing the broken-out fields of a line in the network host data base, /etc/hosts. In the case of gethostbyaddr(), addr is a pointer to the binary format address of length len (not a character string).

struct	hostent {
	char	*h_name;	/* official name of host */
	char	**h_aliases;	/* alias list */
	int	h_addrtype;	/* address type */
	int	h_length;	/* length of address */
	char	**h_addr_list;	/* list of addresses from name server */

The members of this structure are:

Official name of the host.
A zero terminated array of alternate names for the host.
The type of address being returned; currently always AF_INET.
The length, in bytes, of the address.
A pointer to a list of network addresses for the named host. Host addresses are returned in network byte order.

gethostent() reads the next line of the file, opening the file if necessary.

sethostent() opens and rewinds the file. If the stayopen flag is non-zero, the host data base will not be closed after each call to gethostent() (either directly, or indirectly through one of the other ``gethost'' calls).

endhostent() closes the file.

gethostbyname() and gethostbyaddr() sequentially search from the beginning of the file until a matching host name or host address is found, or until end-of-file is encountered. Host addresses are supplied in network order.




hosts.5 ypserv.8


A NULL pointer is returned on end-of-file or error.


All information is contained in a static area so it must be copied if it is to be saved. Only the Internet address format is currently understood.

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Created by unroff & hp-tools. © by Hans-Peter Bischof. All Rights Reserved (1997).

Last modified 21/April/97