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Manual page for POLL(2)

poll - I/O multiplexing

SYNOPSIS

#include <poll.h>

int poll(fds, nfds, timeout)
struct pollfd *fds;
unsigned long nfds;
int timeout;

DESCRIPTION

poll() provides users with a mechanism for multiplexing input/output over a set of file descriptors (see intro.2 poll() identifies those file descriptors on which a user can send or receive messages, or on which certain events have occurred. A user can receive messages using read.2v or getmsg.2 and can send messages using write.2v and putmsg.2 Certain ioctl.2 calls, such as I_RECVFD and I_SENDFD (see streamio.4 can also be used to receive and send messages on streams.

fds specifies the file descriptors to be examined and the events of interest for each file descriptor. It is a pointer to an array with one element for each open file descriptor of interest. The array's elements are pollfd structures which contain the following members:

int fd;   	 	/* file descriptor */
short events;		/* requested events */
short revents;		/* returned events */

where fd specifies an open file descriptor and events and revents are bitmasks constructed by ORing any combination of the following event flags:

POLLIN
If the file descriptor refers to a stream, a non-priority or file descriptor passing message (see I_RECVFD) is present on the stream head read queue. This flag is set even if the message is of zero length. If the file descriptor is not a stream, the file descriptor is readable. In revents, this flag is mutually exclusive with POLLPRI.
POLLPRI
If the file descriptor is a stream, a priority message is present on the stream head read queue. This flag is set even if the message is of zero length. If the file descriptor is not a stream, some exceptional condition has occurred. In revents, this flag is mutually exclusive with POLLIN.
POLLOUT
If the file descriptor is a stream, the first downstream write queue in the stream is not full. Priority control messages can be sent (see putmsg.2 at any time. If the file descriptor is not a stream, it is writable.
POLLERR
If the file descriptor is a stream, an error message has arrived at the stream head. This flag is only valid in the revents bitmask; it is not used in the events field.
POLLHUP
If the file descriptor is a stream, a hangup has occurred on the stream. This event and POLLOUT are mutually exclusive; a stream can never be writable if a hangup has occurred. However, this event and POLLIN or POLLPRI are not mutually exclusive. This flag is only valid in the revents bitmask; it is not used in the events field.
POLLNVAL
The specified fd value does not specify an open file descriptor. This flag is only valid in the revents field; it is not used in the events field.

For each element of the array pointed to by fds, poll() examines the given file descriptor for the event(s) specified in events. The number of file descriptors to be examined is specified by nfds. If nfds exceeds the system limit of open files (see getdtablesize.2 poll() will fail.

If the value fd is less than zero, events is ignored and revents is set to 0 in that entry on return from poll().

The results of the poll() query are stored in the revents field in the pollfd structure. Bits are set in the revents bitmask to indicate which of the requested events are true. If none are true, none of the specified bits is set in revents when the poll() call returns. The event flags POLLHUP, POLLERR, and POLLNVAL are always set in revents if the conditions they indicate are true; this occurs even though these flags were not present in events.

If none of the defined events have occurred on any selected file descriptor, poll() waits at least timeout milliseconds for an event to occur on any of the selected file descriptors. On a computer where millisecond timing accuracy is not available, timeout is rounded up to the nearest legal value available on that system. If the value timeout is 0, poll() returns immediately. If the value of timeout is -1, poll() blocks until a requested event occurs or until the call is interrupted. poll() is not affected by the O_NDELAY flag.

RETURN VALUES

poll() returns a non-negative value on success. A positive value indicates the total number of file descriptors that has been selected (for instance, file descriptors for which the revents field is non-zero). 0 indicates the call timed out and no file descriptors have been selected. On failure, poll() returns -1 and sets errno to indicate the error.

ERRORS

EAGAIN
Allocation of internal data structures failed, but the request should be attempted again.
EFAULT
Some argument points outside the allocated address space.
EINTR
A signal was caught during the poll() system call.
EINVAL
The argument nfds is less than zero.

nfds is greater than the system limit of open files.

SEE ALSO

getdtablesize.2 getmsg.2 intro.2 ioctl.2 putmsg.2 read.2v select.2 write.2v streamio.4


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Created by unroff & hp-tools. © by Hans-Peter Bischof. All Rights Reserved (1997).

Last modified 21/April/97