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Manual page for BIND(2)

bind - bind a name to a socket

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>

int bind(s, name, namelen) int s; struct sockaddr *name; int namelen;

DESCRIPTION

bind() assigns a name to an unnamed socket. When a socket is created with socket.2 it exists in a name space (address family) but has no name assigned. bind() requests that the name pointed to by name be assigned to the socket.

RETURN VALUES

bind() returns:

0
on success.
-1
on failure and sets errno to indicate the error.

ERRORS

EACCES
The requested address is protected, and the current user has inadequate permission to access it.
EADDRINUSE
The specified address is already in use.
EADDRNOTAVAIL
The specified address is not available from the local machine.
EBADF
s is not a valid descriptor.
EFAULT
The name parameter is not in a valid part of the user address space.
EINVAL
namelen is not the size of a valid address for the specified address family.

The socket is already bound to an address.

ENOTSOCK
s is a descriptor for a file, not a socket.

The following errors are specific to binding names in the UNIX domain:

EACCES
Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix of the path name in name.
EIO
An I/O error occurred while making the directory entry or allocating the inode.
EISDIR
A null path name was specified.
ELOOP
Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the path name in name.
ENAMETOOLONG
The length of the path argument exceeds {PATH_MAX}.

A pathname component is longer than {NAME_MAX} (see sysconf.2v while {_POSIX_NO_TRUNC} is in effect (see pathconf.2v

ENOENT
A component of the path prefix of the path name in name does not exist.
ENOTDIR
A component of the path prefix of the path name in name is not a directory.
EROFS
The inode would reside on a read-only file system.

SEE ALSO

connect.2 getsockname.2 listen.2 socket.2 unlink.2v

NOTES

Binding a name in the UNIX domain creates a socket in the file system that must be deleted by the caller when it is no longer needed (using unlink.2v

The rules used in name binding vary between communication domains. Consult the manual entries in section 4 for detailed information.


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Created by unroff & hp-tools. © by Hans-Peter Bischof. All Rights Reserved (1997).

Last modified 21/April/97